Kwa rafiki zangu wanaopenda wanyama. For all my animal loving friends. Here are the safari pics I promised. As far back as I can remember, Africa, her people, and her animals were always in competition with classical music in my soul. Lions especially. The battle still rages. For now, Africa has the upper hand. I really must resolve this – but that is fodder for a different blog.
I generally shoot around 550 pics a day on safari, then cull them down to between 80-100. This is a compilation of what I consider the best of each culled set. I’ve included the Kiswahili name for most animals. I still have to identify some of the birds, so for those I don’t know I’ll just call them ndege/bird. My 2 year old toddler command of the language isn’t up to that yet. I’ve also included most of the scientific names for those of you who are big science geeks like I am. This post is mainly pics with mini biology lessons peppered with biological terminology. Sorry, not sorry – can’t help myself. If you’re not interested in the science, just scroll through and enjoy the pics.
Be forewarned – I’ve included some graphic pics of animals killed by lions.
An estimated 20% of Africa’s large animals reside in Tanzania. My goal is to visit each and every park and conservation area at least once before I leave. Anyone care to place a wager?
Twiga. Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata, Arusha National Park. Retiulated giraffe family. You can see how small the calf is. Arusha was so green and lush!
Okay, the biology teacher in me needs to give a mini anthropoid evolution lesson. All anthropoids began in Africa. Somewhere around 30mya some decided to get outta Dodge and migrate to South America. There they evolved in isolation and became the new world monkeys. Meanwhile, back at the ranch, the African anthropoids split into 2 major groups. The hominoids became the old world monkeys and the hominids became the apes; which includes humans. We did not descend from apes or monkeys. This is a common misconception that drives me absolutely nuts. We share a common anthropoid ancestor with them. We are 98% genetically identical to our cousins, the common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), because we share this ancestor. If you don’t believe me just go watch an elementary school yard at recess.
Fun factoids: Elephants emit infrasonic sounds. These are sounds with frequencies lower than 20 Hz; lower than humans can hear (20 Hz is our lower limit). Low frequencies travel farther than high frequencies and are thus ideal for long distance communication. This is very important for elephants because they live in very tight knit family groups. These infrasonic sounds are considered a defining characteristic of all three African elephant species. Yes, there are 3 species of African elephants. The savannah elephant (Loxodonta africana) which resides here in East Africa, and the forest elephant in central Africa (Loxodonta cycloits), have genetically distinct mitochondrial DNA. The west African elephant has been diverging from the other 2 for a couple million years. Not long. The genetic studies are very recent and I could not find the binomial name for the West African subspecies. FYI, there are also 3 subspecies of Asian elephant, Elephas maximus, and they also emit infrasonic sounds.
My second safari to Ruaha yielded not one, but two sitings of lions guarding a kill. I have yet to see an actual hunt, but I can now say (okay…brag) that I’ve seen 3 lion feasts in my life. Lord willin’ and the creek don’t rise, I’ll someday get shots of the hunt.
Simba / Lion. Panthera leo. This was taken on private land bordering Tsavo National Park, Kenya. The land owners granted the research team access to their land for the duration of the study. The reddish cast on the pic is from the red light used for night shots. It’s easier on the animals than bright white. We weren’t really interested in pissing off a lion.
The above pic was shot in ’05 when I joined an Earthwatch expedition as a data collector (aka, lackey). The study was to determine why the maneless lions of Tsavo have juvenile manes or no manes at all. They were also studying why lions in this region go man eating more often than in other areas. I highly recommend the film “The Ghost and the Darkness,” with Michael Douglas and Val Kilmer. The story is true, I’ve read the book seen the bridge. These lions are the decedents of the lions in the movie. Hollywood, of course, used full-maned lions. These lions are juveniles. There is no way to tell if they are male or female from this pic.
We were on a small outcrop of land above the kill. I’m shooting pics and zooming in; still wondering why the vultures were being so tentative. Finally, a few started cautiously moving in one at a time. Eventually the rest ran, flew, swooped, and hopped over. They began just ripping this buffalo apart like there was no tomorrow. A flock of vultures can strip a carcass of this size clean in 20 minutes.
Suddenly, my view became a confusing conglomerate of wings, beaks, and feet. The vultures just exploded in every immaginable direction. It happened so fast I didn’t realize what I was seeing – until the feathers cleared and I was staring into the face of a charging lioness. I completely forgot I was looking through a zoom lens and just absolutely froze and missed the damn shot of a lifetime. We were in an open top Land Rover and she didn’t seem to be stopping anytime soon. We were not far from her – maybe 15-20 feet. By the time I collected myself she had stopped on a dime and turned. The pic below is all I got of that charge. She could care less about us. She was after the vultures.
When she went and hid behind the little cliff, we knew the vultures would return. There was going to be an encore.
The female is on the right and there’s a 3rd male out of sight guarding the kill. A bit strange since a pride consists of females and their cubs. Males come in for mating and otherwise exist in small bachelor prides or go it alone. They weren’t mating because a mating pair will not hunt for the 3 or so days of….well, you know. I’m not sure what was going on here.
Having the honor of being the largest hornbill in Africa, this is Zazu’s cousin (Kudos if you got The Lion King reference). There is a lot of myth surrounding this bird. They are harbingers of rain be it welcome or not. If they are feeding in a field, that’s where you want to graze your cattle. They will bring you wealth, BUT, if one lands on or near your house and you don’t’ chase it away immediately – somebody is going to die. It’s bad luck to kill one, unless you need rain. One thing they do that isn’t myth is they’ll break the windows in your house because they think their reflection is another hornbill needing chasing off.
I haven’t heard their booming, call in the early morning because, well….morning.
I’ve spent hours just sitting on the back porch shooting pictures of birds. I’ve heard more than I’ve seen, and I think I’m up to 25 different species so far. There’s a big, black hornbill that is teasing me. Either it shows up when the lighting is really poor, or it hides in the branches and I can’t get the shot. Oh…but I will.
Took me a while, but I finally got this next one. When it flies, all you see is this brilliant, breathtaking flash of magenta.
And last, but not least, the leopard. I’m told it’s rare to spot a leopard because they’re nocturnal. They’re not always out in the middle of the day, and if they are they’ll be camouflaged high up in a tree asleep. They don’t sleep out in the open like lions do. We were headed toward our lunch stop when I glanced out the window and saw her tail bobbing above the tall grass. Pure. Luck.
Alright – there’s your animal pics. I’m hoping to head toward The Serengeti and Ngorongoro this summer, then Ruaha again, Mikumi and a couple of other parks. Going back to Zanzibar is also on that list.
Oh, sorry if the formatting is messed up. A post looks one way in the “edit” window and another in the “preview” window. I don’t have the patience to sort that out.